Teaching History Education Based on Culture and Religion Values in Banten, Indonesia


By: Encep Supriatna

This article tries to elaborate on teaching history education based on culture and religion values in Banten, Indonesia for enhancing students’ character. I have conducted this research based on the cases study on the implementation of history education in Senior High Schools in Banten Province, Indonesia.

The background of this study is the educational concern towards the Indonesian school students, or young generation, who are being pulled back and forth between their national identity and the external force of global culture.

The Indonesia government tries to amend this situation by recommending to infuse the character building into teaching and learning process in education generally and particularly in the schools as an educational institution.

As we know that History is the deal subject to instal nationalism and patriotism among the student. Beside to teach the past and the common heritage of their nation, History subject in the schools also, in the context for enhancing the character building, suitable to the Indonesia government intention.

Besides, Banten – as formerly a western part of the West Java Province and now become a self governing new Province – during the 17th and 19th century had her own glorious history of kingdoms. It was from these periods that Banten inherited her own political and cultural identities and values different from other Provinces in Indonesia.

To discover whether these identities and values are still maintained among the students or young generation’s life today, this research is conducted working together with students from SMAN (Sekolah Menengah Atas Negeri or State Senior High School) I, II, and III in Serang Municipality, particularly on the area of old Banten (Banten Lama). This research is also assisted by teachers and Headmasters in those SMAs by using the naturalistic inquiry method.

To gather the data, attending and observing the history classes and the extra curriculum activities are the most important source. It is also supported by the interviews with the key informants, and the use of their daily educational documents.

Observations are conducted also to gather data from the cultural event among the population of the surrounding areas, among those are the celebration of the Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday (Maulid Nabi Muhammad), which are still strongly uphold by these peoples.

The result of these study showed that although the students are still following their family’s instruction in Islamic religious values and ethnic cultural values, they have also to prepare themselves to face their impending future, to study or work in a modern society. The national curriculum prepared them to adjust and combine the basic and the more pragmatic education for their time to come.

So, the key words for this study is concerning on religious and cultural values, character education, teaching and learning history, senior high school student, and modernity trend in Banten, Indonesia.


Notice: This opinion article based on the abstract of Doctoral Dissertation at the Social Studies Program, Post-Graduate School of UPI (Indonesia University of Education).

Dr. Encep Supriatna is currently as a Lecturer at the Social Studies Program as well as at the History Education Department, Faculty of Social Studies Education UPI in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. He can be reached at: cepsup@yahoo.co.id



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