Citizenship Education in Indonesia


Mr. Andi SUWIRTA, Senior Lecturer of UPI (Indonesian University of Education) in Bandung will attend in the Workshop on Citizenship Education and Education for ASEANness in ASEAN countries, on 20-23 February 2014, at the Graduate School of International Development, Nagoya University, JAPAN. SUWIRTA, who also as Chairperson of ASPENSI (Association of Indonesian Scholars of History Education), will present the working paper entitled “Citizenship Education in Indonesia”.

SONY DSCAccording to SUWIRTA, he will present the research result that be written together with Ms. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mina HATTORI (Graduate School of Education and Human Development, Nagoya University, Japan); and Ms. Dr. Yuki NAKATA (Asian Cultures Research Institute, Toyo University, Japan). What will be analysed is: (1) the contents of “Citizenship Education” in Indonesia National Curriculum; (2) the Findings of Questionnaire survey for students in Indonesia; and (3) the Findings of Delphi Survey in Indonesia.

About the workshop itself, the background is informed by the Committee as follows:

The ASEAN Summit held in March 2009 saw the adoption of the Cha-am Hua Hin Declaration on the Roadmap for the ASEAN Community, which incorporated action plans for realization of the ASEAN Community by 2015. Based on the three key areas of “economy”, “politics and security”, and “society and culture”, the aim is to realize a regional community similar to the European Union. In the “society and culture” area in particular, education for ASEANness is advocated, and the diffusion of common ASEAN education is being investigated. In any discussion of citizenship education in ASEAN countries, therefore, it is essential to consider education for ASEANness at the Community level.

Within ASEAN, it can be expected that each country will have its own formulation of citizenship education, and that diversity will be evident at local and national levels. There is a need to conduct comparative research on citizenship education at the “regional” level in ASEAN, through comparative research on the current situation, trends, issues, and prospects relating to citizenship education in each country. At the same time, there is a need to examine ways in which common education for ASEANness in the ASEAN Community is being constructed, together with ways in which this is negotiated with initiatives in each country.

Research Overview

This research group has conducted a comparative analysis on “citizenship education” and “education for ASEANness” since April 2010. This research is being conducted in collaboration with national research teams in 10 countries in ASEAN region and Japanese team.

In 2010, in order to elucidate the present situation, issues, and prospects of citizenship education in the 10 countries, government policies, plans and curricula related to citizenship education in each country had been analyzed. In 2011, a survey of students’ awareness regarding citizenship was conducted in all ASEAN countries except for Myanmar and Singapore. In 2012 and 2013, a forecasting survey, the Delphi Survey, was and is conducted with experts in all ASEAN countries.

The preliminary findings of this research were presented at 8th Biennial conference of Comparative Education Society of Asia at Chulalongkorn University in Thailand in July 2012 by Prof. Hirata and several members from Brunei, Laos, Thailand, and Japan. At the same time, a panel session was organized at the 48th Annual conference of Japan Comparative Education Society at Kyushu University, Japan. The papers were published in Comparative Education, Vol.46, 2013 (Journal of JCES). Moreover, those papers will be published as a part of Asia-Europe Education Dialogue of Routledge, edited by Professor Kerry J. Kennedy who is the Chair Professor of Curriculum Studies at Hong Kong Institute of Education. He is also the series editor for Routledge Series on Schools and Schooling in Asia.

Objectives: (1) to elucidate the present situation and prospects of citizenship education in the 10 ASEAN countries by means of a survey of awareness of students concerning citizenship, and a future forecasting survey or Delphi Survey to experts on education; (2) to elucidate education for “ASEANness”, conceived as part of the creation of the ASEAN Community to be established by 2015; and (3) to propose citizenship education models for the ASEAN countries and a model of education for ASEANness.

Expected Outputs: (1) Contributions to offer important suggestions for citizenship education in Japan through results gained from the forecasting study; and (2)the ASEAN regional level data will fill gaps in the available local, national, and global data, providing valuable academic findings in comparative education research.

Meeting Modality

The workshop will be 2 days (20-21 February 2014).

On the first day, morning session will consist of presentations of Japanese team as regard as the outline of this research, this workshop, and symposium, and the brief summary of the outcomes of the questionnaire survey of students in ASEAN countries.

The afternoon session will include each compiling results of Delphi Survey (2nd Round) from ASEAN countries.

The second day will also include each compiling results of Delphi Survey (2nd Round) from ASEAN countries.

The afternoon session will be discussion to address consensus-building on citizenship education and education for ASEANness among distinguished specialists on education from ASEAN countries.

The International Symposium will be held on 22nd February at Noyori Conference Hall, Nagoya University. It will consist of Keynote Address on “The Road to an ASEAN Community in 2015: How Education for ASEANness Can Play a Role?” by Dr. Surin PITSUWAN (Former ASEAN Secretary-General) and Panel Session by participants from ASEAN countries and Japan.

Excursion is scheduled on 23rd February. Further information will be announced.

Working Papers Submission

Participants who are invited from ASEAN countries, in cooperate with Japanese member(s) who is(are) in charge of each country, will submit their working papers in advance for presentation at workshop session. The organizer will distribute these papers to all members.

The contents of them should consist of the outcomes of the 2nd round of Delphi survey in each country mainly. And it might include the outcomes of the questionnaire survey for students depended on the situations in each country.

Summary abstract: a page summary abstract for the workhop presentation and the panel session.


Each presentation will be based on working papers which will be distributed to all participants. Equipment and materials such as PowerPoint presentation, microphone, and whiteboard etc. will be prepared. Each country session will be 30 minutes presentation and 10 minutes question-and-answer session.

Date and Venue

The workshop will be held on 20th -21st February 2014, at the 1st meeting room of GSID, Nagoya University, Japan. It will be followed by panel session on 22nd February 2014, at Noyori Conference Hall, Nagoya University, Japan.


The workshop will be attended by approximately 30 people including participants from ASEAN countries and Japan. Other guests who are recommended by a project member will be welcomed. However, since the number of seats is limited, prior notice to the organizer will be appreciated.


The workshop will be organized by Prof. Toshifumi Hirata, Oita University, sponsored by JSPS KAKENHI (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research), and International Symposium will be organized by Graduate School of International Development, Nagoya University, Japan. [MAS]



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